On July 25, 2013, a storage virtualization appliance at BIDMC failed in a manner which gave us Hobson's choice - do nothing and risk potential data loss; or intervene and create slowness/downtime. Since data loss was not an option, we chose slowness. Here's the email I sent to all staff on the morning of July 25.
"Last evening, the vendor of the storage components that support Home directories (H:) and Shared drives (S:) recommended that we run a re-indexing maintenance task in order avoid potential data corruption. They anticipated this task could be run in the middle of the night and would not impact our users. They were mistaken.
The indexing continues to run and must run to completion to protect H: and S: drive data. While it is running, access to H: and S: will be slow, but also selected clinical web applications such as Provider Order Entry, webOMR, Peri-operative Information System, and the ED Dashboard will be slow. Our engineers are monitoring the clinical web applications minute to minute and making adjustments to ensure they are as functional as possible. We are also investigating options to separate clinical web applications from the storage systems which are causing the slowness.
All available IS resources are focused on resolving this as soon as possible. We ask that all staff and clinical services affected by the interruption utilize downtime procedures until the issue is resolved. We apologize for the disruption this issue has caused to patients, providers, and staff."
1. Although 2002 was an enterprise downtime of all applications, there was an expectation and understanding that failure happens. The early 2000's were still early in the history of the web. There was no cloud, no app-enabled smartphones, and no universal adoption of social networking. Technology was not massively redundant. Planned downtime still occurred on nights and weekends.
In 2013, there is a sense that IT is like heat, power, and light - always there and assumed to be high performing. Any downtime is unacceptable as emphasized by the typical emails I received from clinicians:
"My patients are still coming on time and expect the high quality care they normally receive. They also want it in a timely manner. Telling them the computer system is down is not an acceptable answer to them. Having an electronic health care record is vital but when we as physicians rely on it and when it is not available, it leads to gaps in care."
"Any idea how long we will be down? I am at the point where I may cancel my office for the rest of the day as I cannot provide adequate care without access to electronic records."
In 2013, we've become dependent on technology and any downtime procedures seem insufficient.
2. The burden of regulation is much different in 2013. Meaningful Use, the Affordable Care Act, ICD10, the HIPAA Omnibus rule, and the Physician's Quality Reporting System did not exist in 2002. There is a sense now that clinicians cannot get through each day unless every tool and process, especially IT related, is working perfectly.
Add downtime/slowness and the camel's back is broken.
3. Society, in general, has more anxiety and less optimism. Competition for scarce resources translates into less flexibility, impatience, and lack of a long-term perspective.
4. The failure modes of technology in 2013 are more subtle and are harder to anticipate.
In 2002, networking was simple. Servers were physical. Storage was physical. Today, networks are multi-layered. Servers are virtual. Storage is virtual. More moving parts and more complexity lead to more capabilities but when failure occurs, it takes a multi-disciplinary team to diagnose and treat it.
5. Users are more savvy. Here's another email:
"Although I was profoundly impacted by today's events as a PCP trying to see 21 patients, I understand how difficult it is to balance all that goes into making a decision with a vendor on hardware/software maintenance. However, I was responsible for this for a large private group on very sophisticated IT, and I would urge you to consider doing future maintenance and upgrade projects starting on Friday nights, so as to have as little impact as possible on ambulatory patient care."
My experience with last week's event will shape the way I think about future communications for any IT related issues. Expectations are higher, tolerance is lower, and clinician stress is overwhelming. No data was lost, no patient harm occurred, and the entire event lasted a few hours, not a few days. However, it will take months of perfection to regain the trust of my stakeholders.
It's been 10 years since we had to use downtime procedures. We'll continue to reduce single points of failure and remove complexity, reducing the potential for downtime. As a clinician I know that reliability, security, and usability are critical. As a CIO I know how hard this is to deliver every day.